World-Way Biotech Inc.

White Horehound

Click:1468  Time:2017-03-29 15:19:00

White Horehound

Marrubium vulgare


      White horehound contains a bitter principle, marrubiin, and was one of the bitter herbs eaten by the Hebrews at the Passover. Har hune means hairy plant in Old English and is thought to be the origin of the plant's common name, horehound. Other authorities maintain that the name refers to Horus, the Egyptian sky god and son of Isis and Osiris. The herb was indeed known to the ancient Egyptians who employed it medicinally.

      Today white horehound is valued for its expectorant  properties and has long been one of the principal herbal remedies for chest complaints. Horehound tea and cough mixtures were popular from the beginning of the seventeenth century, and both Gerard and Culpeper thought highly of the herb. Gerard writes: `a syrup made from the greene fresh leaves and sugar is a most singular remedie against the cough and wheezing of the lungs'. In rural England, horehound was widely grown for its medicinal properties and horehound candy was a favourite household remedy forcoughs. Emigrants from England took the plant to North America and horehound cough preparations were popular with the Shakers. A hot infusion of the leaves also promotes sweating, and horehound tea sweetened with honey is a traditional remedy for feverish colds. This versatile herb also has a mild sedative action, and small amounts have been successful in regulating an over-rapid heartbeat.

     At one time, white horehound was considered a cure for an impressive range of ailments from the bites of rabid dogs to tumours and failing eyesight. Taken cold, white horehound promotes the secretion of bile, aiding the whole digestive process, and it was for this tonic effect that horehound ale was traditionally brewed and drunk in the eastern region of England. Horehound was once added to stews, salads, and sauces, but its bitter menthol flavour is not to everyone's taste.

     HABITAT Native to central and southern Europe, western Asia, and North Africa. Naturalized in the UK and North America. Found on field edges, waste ground, and rough pastureland, on dry, sandy or chalky soil.

        DESCRIPTION Branching, bushy, perennial with erect, square stems from 60-90cm(2-aft)and bearing some resemblance to catnip. The whole plant is covered in whitish hairs giving it a woolly appearance. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs up the stem and are rounded to oval in shape with dentate margins. They are faintly aromatic ,with downy ,wrinkled upper surfaces. Whorls of numerous white, tubular flowers bloom towards the top of the stem throughout the summer.


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